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PRANAYAMA - BREATHING CONTROL IN YOGA
'Pranayama' is the fourth stage in Pathanjali's eight stage Yoga discipline. Two Sanskrit words are combined in the word 'Pranayama' - Prana and Ayama. 'Prana' means life or life force. 'Ayama' means development or control. Therefore Pranayama is the development and control of life force. It is a form of breathing exercise, very important in yoga. It goes along with the asanas or exercise.
Breath is the life force that sustains life. Nobody can survive more than a few minutes without air. When the breath stops, life ends. The Forefathers of Yoga developed a special system- 'Pranayama' to increase, develop and control this life force. Normal breathing use only a fraction of our potential respiratory capacity. Pranayama helps to control this life force in a superior and extra ordinary way to reap maximum benefits.
There are various types of Pranayama. Some of the popular forms are Ujjayee, Shitali,Viloma,Kapalabhati, Anuloma, Suryabhedana, Bhastrika etc. There are variations in performing different Pranayamas. Some of them can be done in a sitting position while others in a standing line or sitting position. Some of the Pranayama are difficult and complicated to perform while others are easy.
PRANAYAM PURIFIES THE PRANA
Prana or the life energy contains of all the powers of the world. It is the biggest medicine. Pranayam purifies the life energy. It increases the oxygen content in the body. The main reason for diseasesis the negative thinking and deficiency of oxygen. Pranayam is the only solution for this and it cures diseases.
The disease arises in the mind of the person, when the person’s thinking becomes negative then it has the direct effect on the respiratory system. The polluted air present inside the body mixes with blood and causes diseases. Medicine can control diseases like cancer for a limited time but the actual cure can be done only with Pranayam. Oxygen is that life energy, which is vital for the life. Its deficiency can be fatal. Life is the game of breathes and the life remains balanced with the balance of breathes. A person who understands this synchronization of breathes leads to healthy and disease free life.
Pranayam regulates the movement of breath, it gives peace of mind. When a person keeps Mauna Vrata (does not talk at all) truth gets place in to his heart. The body gets full amount of oxygen with the process of Pranayam, which increases the resistance power of the body. This process balances all the hormones. When the air is thrown out several things are also thrown out and when the air is taken in many things are taken in. The life energy, which is going out and coming in get transformed with the help of Pranayam. It arouses the internal strength of the person and whole body becomes rejuvenated. Seven simple steps of Pranayam supplies oxygen to the body. Pranayam is the Sanjivini (life saver) for life energy; it gives nutrition to the life energy.